Cloud Computing: The Next Frontier in Technology

Nowadays, every successful business needs a data centre to maintain an online presence. The term “on-premises” refers to a data centre whose entire functionality is carried out in a physical location within an enterprise office building. One building, a few computers under a desk, or a climate-controlled room full of blade servers are all examples of data centres. The company that owns the data centre employs and pays for an in-house IT team to manage it.

Now, imagine that, in addition to building applications, you also need to build a data centre for an organization if you want to create a simple website or digitize entire business processes. To manage or maintain this data centre, you will need to purchase hardware (servers), software and its licenses, build infrastructure, a network, and hire experts. Prior to setting up the server farm, you really want to do an appraisal on the number of servers you need, there will be chances that you could over-arrangement or under-arrangement equipment.

What if you could just concentrate on developing applications instead of worrying about setting up your own data centre? This is where Cloud computing comes into the image. Let’s take a look at some of the examples in this article to see what Cloud Computing: The Next Frontier in Technology.

Introduction of Cloud Computing?

Anything that involves delivering host services over the internet is referred to as cloud computing. There are three main categories or types of cloud computing for these services: software as a service, platform as a service, and infrastructure as a service.

A cloud can be public or private. Services are sold to anyone on the internet by a public cloud. A confidential cloud is either an exclusive organization or a server farm that offers facilitated types of assistance to a limited handful of people with confined admittance and consent. Access to computing resources and IT services should be made simple and scalable through cloud computing, whether it is private or public.

Benefits of Cloud Computing:

There are a few advantages of using cloud computing over conventional ways. A few advantages are given below:

  1. Cost Savings
  2. Security
  3. Flexibility
  4. Mobility
  5. Insight
  6. Increased Collaboration
  7. Quality Control
  8. Disaster Recovery
  9. Loss Prevention
  10. Automatic Software Updates

Cost Savings

Assuming that you are stress over the sticker price that would accompany the change to distribute computing, you’re in good company 25% of associations are worry about the underlying expense of carrying out a cloud-base server. Nonetheless, while gauging the benefits and weaknesses of utilizing the cloud, the return for money invested should be consider notwithstanding the underlying expense.

In project startup, easy access to your company’s data on the cloud will save time and money. Additionally, the majority of cloud computing services offer pay-as-you-go pricing options for individuals who are concerned that they will end up paying for features that they neither require nor desire. This means that you won’t have to spend money on the cloud if you don’t take advantage of what it has to offer.

The data storage space that is required to serve your stakeholders and customers is also covered by the pay-as-you-go model. As a result, you will only be charge for the space that you actually use. Together, these factors lead to higher returns and lower costs. For half of all CIOs and IT leaders polled by Bitglass in 2015, using cloud-based applications saved money.


Given that over 2.6 billion smartphones are currently in use worldwide, cloud computing provides mobile access to corporate data, which is a great way to ensure that no one is left out of the loop. Staff members who work long hours or who live far from the office can use this feature to stay up to date with customers and colleagues.

For better work-life balance, you can use the cloud to provide easily accessible information to employees who work remotely, as freelancers, or as sales staff who travel. In this way, it’s not unexpect to see that associations with worker fulfilment recorded as really important depend on 28% bound to extend cloud use.


Your company can only allocate a finite amount of focus among all of its responsibilities. If your current IT solutions force you to focus too much on computer and data storage issues, you won’t be able to focus on achieving business goals and satisfying customers.

Then again, by depending on an external association to deal with all IT facilitating and framework, you’ll have additional opportunities to give toward the parts of your business that straightforwardly influence your main concern.

When compared to hosting on a local server, the cloud provides businesses with greater flexibility overall. Additionally, rather than requiring an extensive (and costly) upgrade to your IT infrastructure, a cloud-based service can immediately accommodate additional bandwidth requirements. 

This better opportunity and adaptability can have a huge effect on the general proficiency of your association. According to an InformationWeek survey, “the ability to quickly meet business demands” is one of the most important reasons a business should move to a cloud environment, with a majority of 65% saying this.


When it comes to implementing a cloud computing solution, many organizations are concerned about its security. All things consider, when documents, programs, and different information aren’t kept safely on location, how might you realize that they are being secured? In the event that you can remotely get to your information, then what’s preventing a cybercriminal from doing also? Well, actually quite a bit.

For one thing, a cloud host’s sole responsibility is to carefully monitor security, which is much more effective than a traditional in-house system, where an organization must divide its efforts among a myriad of IT concerns, including security. 

And keeping in mind that most organizations could do without simply thinking about inward information robbery, truly a marvellously high level of information burglaries happen inside and are executed by workers. Keeping sensitive data off-site can actually be much safer in this situation. Since all of this is obviously very abstract, let’s take a look at some solid statistics.

According to RapidScale, 94% of businesses found that moving to the cloud improved security, and 91% said that the cloud makes it easier to comply with government regulations. Encryption of data, while it is transmitted over networks and store in databases, is the key to this enhanced security. 

By using encryption, hackers and others who are not authoriz to view your data are prevent from accessing your data. With most cloud-base services, different security settings can be set base on the user as an additional security measure. Only 9% of cloud users could claim disaster recovery in four hours or less, compared to 20% of cloud users.


It is becoming increasingly apparent that the adage “knowledge is power” has taken on a more contemporary and accurate form as we advance further into the digital age: ” Money is data. There are valuable, actionable nuggets of information concealed within the millions of bits of data that surround your business process and customer transactions. 

These nuggets are just waiting to be discover and taken into consideration. Of course, if you don’t have access to the right cloud computing solution, sorting through that data to find these kernels can be very difficult. Many cloud-based capacity arrangements offer coordinated cloud examination for an elevated perspective of your information. With your data put away in the cloud, you can undoubtedly carry out the following systems and assemble tweaked reports to break down data association-wide. 

You can increase efficiency and develop plans to achieve organizational objectives using these insights. By using cloud-based business insights, Sunny Delight, a beverage company, was able to cut staffing costs by $295,000 and increase profits by approximately $5 million annually.

Enhanced Collaboration

Collaboration should be your top priority if your company has more than two employees. After all, if a team cannot function as a unit, there is little point in having one. Collaboration is made simple by cloud computing. 

A cloud-based platform enables team members to securely view and share information. Some cloud-based services even offer social spaces where employees from all over your company can collaborate, which boosts interest and engagement. Without a cloud computing solution, collaboration may be possible, but it will never be as simple or efficient.

Control of Quality

Poor reporting quality and inconsistency are among the few obstacles to a company’s success. All documents are store in a single location and formatted in a cloud-based system. You can keep the data consistent, avoid human error, and have a clear record of any updates or revisions if everyone has access to the same information. On the other hand, if the information is manage in silos, employees may accidentally save different versions of documents, resulting in data distortion and confusion.

Disaster Recovery

One of the variables that add to the progress of a business is control. In today’s market, even a small amount of unproductive downtime can have a profoundly negative impact, so despite your organization’s level of control over its own processes, there will always be things that are completely out of your control. Loss of productivity, revenue, and brand reputation result from service outages.

Loss Prevention

In the event that your association isn’t putting resources into a distribute computing arrangement, then, at that point, your important information is all indistinguishably attached to the workplace PCs it lives in. This may not appear to be an issue, however actually on the off chance that your neighbourhood equipment encounters an issue, you could wind up forever losing your information. This is a problem that occurs more frequently than you might think. Computers can break down for a variety of reasons, including viruses, ageing-related hardware deterioration, user error, and more. Or, despite the best efforts, they might get lost or stolen.

You run the risk of losing all the information you saved locally if you are not on the cloud. However, with a cloud-based server, even if the computer you normally use isn’t working, all of the data you’ve uploaded to the cloud is safe and easily accessible from any computer with an internet connection.

Automatic Software Updates.

There is nothing more frustrating for people who have a lot to do than waiting for system updates to be installed. Instead of requiring an IT department to manually update the entire organization, cloud-based applications refresh and update themselves. Time and money spent on outside IT consultation are both saved by this. According to PCWorld, a benefit of the cloud is that it necessitates fewer internal IT resources.

Cloud Computing Deployment Models

A. Public Cloud

It is possible for anyone to access systems and services thanks to the public cloud. Because it is accessible to everyone, the public cloud may be less secure. Cloud infrastructure services are offere to the general public or major industry groups via the internet in the public cloud. In this cloud model, the provider of cloud services owns the infrastructure, not the customer.

Customers and users can easily access systems and services with this type of cloud hosting. This type of cloud computing is a great illustration of cloud hosting, in which service providers offer their products and services to a wide range of clients. Storage backup and retrieval services are provided either free, with a subscription or per user under this arrangement. Google App Engine, for instance,

Benefits of the Public Cloud Model:

  • Minimal expenditure: Since it is a pay-per-use service, there is no large upfront cost, making it ideal for businesses that need resources right away.
  • It is not necessary to manage the infrastructure: Infrastructure management is not necessary when using the public cloud.
  • There is no upkeep: The service provider (not the users) performs the maintenance work.
  • Flexible Scalability: On-demand resources are available to meet your company’s needs.
  • Setup is free: Since the cloud service providers fully support the infrastructure, there is no need to install any hardware.

The Public Cloud Model’s Drawbacks:

  • Less secure: Because resources in the public cloud are shared, there is no guarantee of high-level security.
  • Low individualization: Because it is accessed by a large number of people, it cannot be customize to meet individual requirements.

B. Private Cloud

The private cloud-sending model is the specific inverse of the public cloud organization model. It’s a one-on-one climate for a solitary client. There is a compelling reason need to impart your equipment to any other individual. How you manage all of the hardware makes the difference between private and public clouds. 

The ability to access systems and services within a specific border or organization is refer to as the “internal cloud,” and it is also known as the “internal cloud.” Under the direction of an organization’s IT department, the cloud platform is implement in a cloud-base secure environment that is shield from intrusion by powerful firewalls. Control over cloud resources is more adaptable in the private cloud.

The Private Cloud Model Benefits:

  • Improved Control: The property is solely own by you. You take full control of user behaviour, IT operations, policies, and service integration.
  • Privacy and security of data: It is appropriate for storing company data to which only authorized personnel have access. Access and security can be improve within the same infrastructure by segmenting resources.
  • Supports Older Software: This method is made to work with older systems that can’t get to the public cloud.
  • Customization: A private cloud, in contrast to a deployment of a public cloud, enables a business to tailor its solution to meet its particular requirements.

The Private Cloud Model’s Drawbacks:

  • Scalable less: Because there are fewer clients in private clouds, scaling is limit to a certain range.
  • Costly: Confidential mists are more expensive as they give customized offices.

C. Hybrid Cloud

Public and private clouds are combin in the Hybrid Cloud. Only a small percentage of businesses and organizations are able to migrate their technology stack to the cloud in a single day. As a result, cloud providers developed a hybrid cloud that combines public and private cloud facilities to facilitate a seamless transition. The private cloud houses sensitive data, while the public cloud houses non-sensitive data.

The Hybrid Cloud Model Benefits:

  • Capability and adaptability: Businesses that are more adaptable are able to create customized solutions that cater to their particular requirements.
  • Cost: You will only be responsible for paying for the additional capacity that you use because public clouds offer scalability.
  • Security: Attackers are significantly less likely to steal data if it is properly separate.

Disadvantages of the Hybrid Cloud Model:

  • Impossible to control: Mixture mists are challenging to oversee as it is a blend of both public and confidential clouds. Thus, it is complicate.
  • Slow data transfer: Latency occurs because the hybrid cloud transmits data through the public cloud.

D. Community Cloud

The Private cloud and the community deployment model are similar in some ways. In the confidential cloud, just a single client or association possesses the cloud server. The cloud server is share by several businesses with similar backgrounds in Community Cloud. 

This multi-tenant architecture has the potential to aid in cost reduction and efficiency enhancement if all businesses or organizations share the same set of security protocols, performance requirements, and objectives. The development, implementation, and upkeep of projects are all possible applications for this model.

Benefits of the Local Area Cloud Model:

  • Reasonable prices: Because the cloud is share by multiple communities or organizations, it is cost-effective.
  • Security: Better security is provided by the community cloud.
  • Shared resources: It lets you share infrastructure, resources, and other things. with a number of organizations
  • Data sharing and collaboration: It works well for sharing data and working together.

The Community Cloud Model’s Drawbacks:

  • Scalability is limited: Because numerous organizations share the same resources in accordance with their collaborative interests, the community cloud is somewhat less scalable.
  • Unbending in customization: Because different organizations share data and resources in accordance with their shared interests, if one wants to make changes to meet its needs, one can’t because doing so would affect other organizations.

Cloud Computing Architecture

The combination of SOA (Service Oriented Architecture) and EDA (Event Driven Architecture) is the cloud computing architecture. The components of cloud computing architecture include client infrastructure, application, service, runtime cloud, storage, infrastructure, management, and security.

The Frontend

The client uses the front end. Applications and client-side interfaces that are require to access the cloud computing platforms are include in it. Web servers like Chrome, Firefox, Internet Explorer, and others make up the front end. tablets, thin and fat clients, and mobile devices.

  • Client Infrastructure: The frontend component includes Client Infrastructure. It contains the user interfaces and applications needed to access the cloud platform. It offers a graphical user interface (GUI) for interacting with the cloud.

The Backend

The back end is utilize by the specialist organization. It deals with every one of the assets that are expect to give distribute computing administrations. It incorporates an immense measure of information stockpiling, security systems, virtual machines, sending models, servers, traffic signal components, and so on.

  • Application

Except on the server side, the term “application component” in the back-end cloud software architecture typically refers to the user interface. The back-end resources and the various requirements of the customer are coordinate by this layer.

  • Service

All of the magic takes place here. In the architecture, the service is directly responsible for providing the utility. This indicates that the service takes care of most of the work associated with the cloud computing system.

Cloud runtime supports a wide range of services’ capabilities. Storage, application development environments, and web services are among the most popular cloud services. It is one of the system’s most important parts and resembles the architecture’s heart.

  • Cloud Runtime

The service runs in the cloud runtime. It is similar to an operating system in the cloud because virtualization and other technologies make it possible for multiple runtimes to run on the same server.

Virtualization software is use to create runtimes, which are refer to as hypervisors. Hypervisors can be found in applications like Oracle VM for x86, VMWare Fusion, and Oracle Virtual Box. Because it oversees the service’s resources and tasks, it can be compare to the service’s foundation.

  • Storage

All of the data necessary to run the cloud software is store in storage, as the name suggests. Today, storage varies among cloud service providers, with each offering a cloud storage-specific product. Hard drives, solid-state drives, and, most recently, Intel Optane DC Persistent storage are among the various types of storage that are available.

It takes the form of numerous hard drives in server bays in back-end architecture. The management software then manages this, partitioning the drives according to the cloud operating system’s requirements for various services.

  • Management

All cloud software services are power by the infrastructure. This includes the motherboard, the Central Processing Unit (CPU), the Graphics Processing Unit (GPU), and any other components that are necessary for the system to function properly, such as network cards and additional accelerator cards that are design for specific use cases.

Additionally, the infrastructure varies depending on the workload. Even though cheaper CPUs and GPUs with lower power are available, enterprise-level workloads typically require cutting-edge hardware for operation. Accelerators, such as Google’s Tensor Processing Unit, are also offe by numerous cloud service providers and are available to customers of the Google Cloud Platform for the execution of AI tasks.

  • Security

A crucial component of cloud software architecture is cloud security architecture. In most cases, visibility is incorporat into the design to facilitate simpler system debugging in the event of a problem.

How the framework is organiz ought to likewise guarantee that strategic assignments don’t get interfer with. This is typically accomplish by virtually replicating the system to ensure task redundancy. Regular storage backups are another requirement that falls under security.

The server is also protect by virtual firewalls, preventing data loss, and redundancy mechanisms in cloud security architecture. These are ways to keep the system running even when it’s vulnerable to attack or has hardware failure that causes system failure.

Because they guarantee the system’s smooth operation, these services are essential to providing a comprehensive user experience. In order to guarantee consistent uptime and redundancy for cloud tasks, tasks like resource management are also essential. In order to safeguard the system’s data from unauthorized access, security is an essential feature.

Also Read

Edge Computing: Empowering Real-Time Data Processing

The Future of Work: How Technology is Changing the Workforce

5G Technology: Revolutionising Connectivity and Communication

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